What kind of poem does Phillis Wheatley write? Upon arrival in Boston, she was sold to a wealthy tailor, John Wheatley, who purchased her as a slave for his wife, Susannah Wheatley. She was brought to Boston in 1761, and bought by Mrs. John Wheatley, who, noting remarkable exhibitions of intellectual powers and a thirst for books in her servant, set to work to educate her. Phillis Wheatley Peters was born in West Africa in 1753. Although Wheatley's birth is not documented, it is believed that she was born in 1753 in what is now Gambia or Senegal. Phillis Wheatley was the first African American published poet. Angels "Celestial Choir" Revolution. Phillis Wheatley was the first published African American poet and first African-American woman whose writings helped create the genre of African American literature. She was born in West Africa.However it is not known which country she was born in. Although her exact birth location is not known, it was likely Gambia or Senegal. Beginning in her early teens she wrote exceptionally mature, if conventional, verse that was stylistically influenced by Neoclassical poets such as Alexander Pope and was largely concerned with morality, piety, and freedom. The first African-American and one of the first women to publish a book of poetry in the colonies, Wheatley learned to read and write English by the age of nine, familiarizing herself with Latin, Greek, the Bible, and selected classics at an … Who was kidnapped and brought to New England in 1761? Lyle was born in 1912, in USA. Mr. George Whitefield” was published as a broadside in cities such as Boston, New York, and Philadelphia and garnered Wheatley national acclaim. She was purchased by the Wheatley family of Boston, who taught her to read and write, and helped encourage her poetry. The family who raised her, taught her how to read and write, and she slowly turned into a woman of the revolution. At the age of eight, she was kidnapped and brought to Boston on … The piece is typical of Wheatley’s poetic oeuvre both in its formal reliance on couplets and in its genre; more than one-third of her extant works are elegies to prominent figures or friends. We just know that she was kidnapped and sold to slave traders when she was a child. In less than two years, under the tutelage of Susanna and her daughter, Phillis had mastered English; she went on to learn Greek and Latin and caused a stir among Boston scholars by translating a tale from Ovid. Phillis Wheatley was born in Africa and brought to Boston in a slave ship in the year 1761, then between 7 and 8 years of age. Phillis married Lyle Wheatley. Her date of birth and her African name are not known. Wheatley had to prove in court that her poems were written by her. Credited as the first African American woman to be published, she became famous for her 1773 poetry collection, "Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral." Wheatley’s first poem to appear in print was “On Messrs. Hussey and Coffin” (1767), but she did not become widely known until the publication of “An Elegiac Poem, on the Death of the Celebrated Divine…George Whitefield” (1770), a tribute to Whitefield, a popular preacher with whom she may have been personally acquainted. She was captured by slave traders and brought to America in 1761. Wheatley’s mistress enabled her to become literate and encouraged her to write poetry that soon found its way into New … Phillis Wheatley was born in 1753, at birth place, to John Wheatley and Susanna Wheatley (born Wheeler). Phillis Wheatley: Phillis Wheatley (1753 - 1784) was an African-born early American poet who achieved fame as the first African-American woman to publish … Purchased by the Boston household of John Wheatley, tailor. Poet Mark Jarman won the 1998 Lenore Marshall Poetry Prize and has authored many collections of... Born on August 12, 1925, Donald Justice authored many books of poetry and received the Lamont... Timothy Steele was born in 1948 in Burlington, Vermont. Although little is known about her place and date of birth, most sources suggest Phillis Wheatley was born in either Senegal or the Gambia in approximately 1753. The Wheatleys soon recognized Phillis’s intelligence and taught her to read and write. The book includes many elegies as well as poems on Christian themes; it also includes poems dealing with race, such as the often-anthologized “On Being Brought from Africa to America.” She returned to America in 1773. Updates? Although she was an enslaved person, Phillis Wheatley Peters was one of the best-known poets in pre-19th century America. Terms in this set (...) When and where was Mrs.Wheatley born? Born around 1753 in Gambia, Africa, Wheatley was captured by slave traders and brought to America in 1761. Although nothing specific is known about Phillis Wheatley’s early childhood, scholars believe that she was born in and around 1753 in West Africa, possibly in present day Senegal or Gambia. A female figure who personifies America. In 1778 she married John Peters, a free black man who eventually abandoned her. She was abducted at the age of seven or eight, and then sold in Boston to John and Susanna Wheatley on July 11, 1761. Columbia. How did she gain her name ? Born in West Africa, she was purchased by a family in Boston and educated when her talent was noticed. Phillis Wheatley: her birthday, what she did before fame, her family life, fun trivia facts, popularity rankings, and more. At the age of eight, she was kidnapped, enslaved in New England, and sold to John Wheatley of Boston. Phillis Wheatley was a West African poet and is famous for being the first known African-American poet to be published under their name.. Born around 1753 in Gambia, Africa, Wheatley was captured by slave traders and brought to America in 1761. Phillis Wheatley's church, Old South Meeting House. He took the young girl to Boston, Massachusetts on a ship called The Phillis… She was purchased as a personal slave to Susannah Wheatley, wife of tailor John Wheatley, a prominent Boston merchant with a wholesale business, real estate, warehouses, and the schooner London Packet. She was then about 8 years old. - The Academy of American Poets is the largest membership-based nonprofit organization fostering an appreciation for contemporary poetry and supporting American poets. Phillis passed away on month day 2007, at age 83 at death place, Iowa. Phillis Wheatley Poet Born 1753 — Died December 5, 1784. Jan 1, 1761. 1761 Wheatley is quickly purchased by Boston merchant John Wheatley, who purchased the girl for his wife, Susanna. Auspicious queen, thine heav’nly pinions spread,And lead celestial Chastity along;Lo! Phillis Wheatley was born circa 1753 in West Africa, and was very likely kidnapped into slavery. Phillis Wheatley came to the Boston slave market in 1761; some have guessed from the African country of Senegal. Phillis wheatley writes poems about slavery. Wheatley proved to many people that Blacks were equal to whites in creative ability. Although the date and place of her birth are not documented, scholars believe that Phillis Wheatley was born in 1753 in West Africa, most likely in present-day Gambia or Senegal. Phillis Wheatley (1753?-1784) was the first African-American woman to have her poetry published. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). At the end of her life Wheatley was working as a servant, and she died in poverty. Although her exact birth location is not known, it was likely Gambia or Senegal. They had one child. A pioneering African American poet, Wheatley was born in Senegal/Gambia around 1753. Born in Gambia, she was made a slave at age seven. 1753-1784. Though Wheatley generally avoided the topic of slavery in her poetry, her best-known work, “On Being Brought from Africa to America” (written 1768), contains a mild rebuke toward some white readers: “Remember, Christians, Negroes, black as Cain / May be refined, and join th’ angelic train.” Other notable poems include “To the University of Cambridge, in New England” (written 1767), “To the King’s Most Excellent Majesty” (written 1768), and “On the Death of Rev. When she was 7 or 8, she was sold as a slave to John and Susanna Wheatley of Boston. She was born in the middle of the eighteenth century, possibly in areas in or around Senegal. Phillis Wheatley is a member of Poet She was named Phillis and given her master's surname. Phillis Wheatley came to the Boston slave market in 1761; some have guessed from the African country of Senegal. Her first name Phillis was derived from the ship that brought her to America, “the Phillis .” Such is thy pow’r, nor are thine orders vain,O thou the leader of the mental train:In full perfection all thy works are wrought,And thine the sceptre o’er the realms of thought.Before thy throne the subject-passions bow,Of subject-passions sov’reign ruler thou;At thy command joy rushes on the heart,And through the glowing veins the spirits dart. She was thirty-one years old. After 16 months, Wheatley could read and understand any part of the Bible, and she began writing poetry at age 12. It was owned by Timothy Fitch and captained by Peter Gwinn. She was transported to the British colonies in 1763. Although the date and location of her birthplace is not perfectly documented, it is believed that Phillis Wheatley was born in 1753, somewhere in West Africa, most likely somewhere in present-day Gambia. She was going to be her maid. Wheatley’s personal qualities, even more than her literary talent, contributed to her great social success in London. Phillis Wheatley was born in West Africa. He received a, © Academy of American Poets, 75 Maiden Lane, Suite 901, New York, NY 10038, Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral. Phillis Wheatley was born in 1753 in West Africa. Her first name Phillis was derived from the ship that brought her to America, “the Phillis.” She was purchased by John Wheatley of Boston in 1761. Corrections? They had three children together, all of whom died young. Phillis Wheatley was born in Gambia on May 8, 1753, and died in Boston on December 5, 1784. Phillis Wheatley (born Pratt) was born in 1924, at birth place. Phillis Wheatley Biography, Life, Interesting Facts. Born in the Senegal-Gambia region of West Africa, Phillis Wheatley arrived in Boston on a slave ship when she was about seven years old. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Phillis-Wheatley, National Women's History Museum - Biography of Phillis Wheatley, Public Broadcasting Service - Africans in America - Biography of Phillis Wheatley, Academy of American Poets - Biography of Phillis Wheatley, Poetry Foundation - Biography of Phillis Wheatley, Social Studies for Kids - Biography of Phillis Wheatley, BlackPast - Biography of Phillis Wheatley, Phillis Wheatley - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Phillis Wheatley - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up), Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral, “On Being Brought from Africa to America”, “An Elegiac Poem, on the Death of the Celebrated Divine…George Whitefield”, “Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral”. As a child Phillis was taken into captivity and shipped to Boston where she was sold into slavery at the age of eight to John and Susanna Wheatley who named her Phillis … Phillis Wheatley was born in West Africa in 1753. She was named for the slave ship, Phillis, that brought her to Boston on July 11, 1761. The horrors of the Middle Passage very likely contributed to the persistent asthma that plagued her throughout her short life. Phillis Wheatley came to the Boston slave market in 1761; some have guessed from the African country of Senegal. At the age of eight, she was kidnapped, enslaved in New England, and sold to John Wheatley of Boston. Question: When was Phillis Wheatley born? Reaching Boston in 1761, John Wheatley, a tailor, bought her as a servant for his wife, Susanna. It was Senegal or The Gambia.She took work as a slave in the United States when she was about seven years old on a slave ship called The Phillis. Phillis Wheatley Biography Questions. Many whites couldn’t believe that … The Wheatley family of Boston, who taught her to read and write, and encouraged her poetry when they saw her talent, purchased her. Wheatley experienced difficulty publishing her poems, soliciting subscribers for a new volume that would include thirty-three new poems and thirteen letters, but unable to raise the funds. Phillis Wheatley. Two books issued posthumously were Memoir and Poems of Phillis Wheatley (1834)—in which Margaretta Matilda Odell, a collateral descendant of Susanna Wheatley, provides a short biography of Phillis as a preface to a collection of her poems—and Letters of Phillis Wheatley, the Negro Slave-Poet of Boston (1864). Author. When she was 7 or 8, she was sold as a slave to John and Susanna Wheatley of Boston. Phillis Wheatley—The suggested event is Wheatley's visit to England, ... Born near Charleston, South Carolina, Boston King fled his owner to join the British. Phillis Wheatley Phillis Wheatley was born in Senegal in about 1753. It is believed that Phillis Wheatley was born in West Africa in 1753, which today would be Senegal or Gambia. At the age of eight, she was kidnapped, enslaved in New England, and sold to John Wheatley of Boston. 1753–1784. Both Mr. and Mrs. Wheatley died shortly thereafter. PLAY. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Wheatley’s work was frequently cited by abolitionists to combat the charge of innate intellectual inferiority among blacks and to promote educational opportunities for African Americans. Phillis Wheatley was born in Gambia on May 8, 1753. The Wheatleys soon recognized her talents and gave her privileges unusual for a slave, allowing her to learn to read and write. Phillis Wheatley, (born c. 1753, present-day Senegal?, West Africa—died December 5, 1784, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.), the first black woman poet of … She traveled aboard the slave ship, The Phillis, in wretched conditions. When Wheatley was only seven years old she was sold by a local chief to a visiting slave trader. Born in western Africa, Phillis Wheatley was kidnapped by slave traders in 1761 when she was about seven years old. Born in Africa about 1753 and sold as a slave in Boston in 1761, Phillis was a small, sick child who caught the attention of John and Susanna Wheatley. John Wheatley was a merchant and bo… Phillis Wheatley was America's first black poet. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. She was probably 7 or 8 years old at the time, and she was purchased by John Wheatley for his wife, Susannah. After the elder Wheatleys died, Phillis was left to support herself as a seamstress and poet. Born in West Africa, she was sold into slavery at the age of seven or eight and transported to North America.She was purchased by the Wheatley family of Boston, who taught her to read and write and encouraged her poetry when they saw her talent. Phillis Wheatley was the first African-American female poet to be published. Phillis Wheatley Poet, considered a founder of African American li... terature, was born around 1753, probably among the Fulani peoples living near the Gambia River in West Africa. The poem “To the University of Cambridge, in New England” by Phillis Wheatley. Imagination! STUDY. After 16 months, Wheatley could read and understand any part of the Bible, and she began writing poetry at age 12. As was the custom of the time, she was given the Wheatley family's surname. As a child Phillis was taken into captivity and shipped to Boston where she was sold into slavery at the age of eight to John and Susanna Wheatley who named her Phillis … Born in the Senegal-Gambia region of West Africa, Phillis Wheatley arrived in Boston on a slave ship when she was about seven years old. Born in Gambia, she was made a slave at age seven. STUDY. She was purchased by Mr. Wheatley, but she soon developed qualities so interesting and peculiar that she was treated more as an inmate of the family than as a slave. Born around 1753, Phillis Wheatley was the first black poet in America to publish a book. From overcoming oppression, to breaking rules, to reimagining the world or waging a rebellion, these women of history have a story to tell. We just know that she was kidnapped and sold to slave traders when she was a child. Upon arrival, she was sold to the Wheatley family in Boston, Massachusetts. Now here, now there, the roving Fancy flies,Till some lov’d object strikes her wand’ring eyes,Whose silken fetters all the senses bind,And soft captivity involves the mind. At the age of eight, she was kidnapped, enslaved in New England, and sold to John Wheatley of Boston. Phillis Wheatley was the first published African American poet and first African-American woman whose writings helped create the genre of African American literature. Phillis Wheatley (May 8, 1753 – December 5, 1784) was a poet.She was the first African-American person to have a book published. Many of the poems for her proposed second volume disappeared and have never been recovered. Phillis Wheatley was the first female African-American to publish a book of poetry and became a well-known poet in the 18th century. From Helicon’s refulgent heights attend,Ye sacred choir, and my attempts befriend:To tell her glories with a faithful tongue,Ye blooming graces, triumph in my song. Phillis Wheatley. Introduction. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Meet extraordinary women who dared to bring gender equality and other issues to the forefront. Born in Senegal, Africa in 1753, she was kidnapped on a slave ship to Boston and sold at the age of seven to John and Susannah Wheatley of Boston as Mrs. Wheatley's personal servant. Omissions? There, in 1761, John Wheatley enslaved her as a personal servant for his wife, Susanna. She was born in Senegambia (now Senegal) in west Africa. A couple named John and Susanna Wheatley bought her. Phillis Wheatley was born on May 8, 1753 in Senegal. Captured around the age of seven, she was sold to a distinguished Bostonian family as a domestic slave. He escaped captivity several times and made his way to New York, the last American port to be evacuated by the British. Phillis Wheatley was born in West Africa in modern day Senegal or Gambia, her date of birth is not exactly known but it is believed that she was born around 1753. In 1773, Phillis Wheatley accomplished something that no other woman of her status had done. Phillis Wheatley was the first African-American to publish a book. The Wheatley family in Boston bought her. now her sacred retinue descends,Array’d in glory from the orbs above.Attend me, Virtue, thro’ my youthful years!O leave me not to the false joys of time!But guide my steps to endless life and bliss.Greatness, or Goodness, say what I shall call thee,To give an higher appellation still,Teach me a better strain, a nobler lay,O thou, enthron’d with Cherubs in the realms of day! Phillis Wheatley was not an ordinary slave, but she was accepted into society my the majority. In 1776, Wheatley wrote a letter and poem in support of George Washington, who replied with an invitation to visit him in Cambridge, stating that he would be “happy to see a person so favored by the muses.” In 1778, she married John Peters, who kept a grocery store. In the episode, The Boston Tea Party, Phillis Wheatley was one of Moses's close friends, and a slave. She returned to Boston in September because of the illness of her mistress. A number of her other poems celebrate the nascent United States of America, whose struggle for independence was sometimes employed as a metaphor for spiritual or, more subtly, racial freedom. She was captured as a child and sold into slavery. Over the next few years, she would print a number of broadsides elegizing prominent English and colonial leaders. She gained her name from the slave ship that brought her to America and the family that bought her. Upon arrival, she was sold to the Wheatley family in Boston, Massachusetts. She was sold by a local chief to a visiting trader, who took her to Boston in the British Colony of Massachusetts, on July 11, 1761, on a slave ship called The Phillis. This poem was also printed in London. Scenes of glorious toils. who can sing thy force?Or who describe the swiftness of thy course?Soaring through air to find the bright abode,Th’ empyreal palace of the thund’ring God,We on thy pinions can surpass the wind,And leave the rolling universe behind:From star to star the mental optics rove,Measure the skies, and range the realms above.There in one view we grasp the mighty whole,Or with new worlds amaze th’ unbounded soul. Upon arrival, she was sold to the Wheatley family in Boston, Massachusetts. The Poetry Foundation describes her sale below: West Africa (Senegal) Where was Wheatley born? Thine own words declareWisdom is higher than a fool can reach.I cease to wonder, and no more attemptThine height t’explore, or fathom thy profound.But, O my soul, sink not into despair,Virtue is near thee, and with gentle handWould now embrace thee, hovers o’er thine head.Fain would the heav’n-born soul with her converse,Then seek, then court her for her promis’d bliss. Named for the Phillis , the slave ship on … She became well known locally for her poetry. Phillis Wheatley’s poem on tyranny and slavery, 1772 | Born in Africa, Phillis Wheatley was captured and sold into slavery as a child. Documents of Phillis Wheatley (born Pratt) Her poem “On the Death of the Rev. Phillis Wheatley: her birthday, what she did before fame, her family life, fun trivia facts, popularity rankings, and more. She was probably 7 or 8 years old at the time, and she was purchased by John Wheatley for his wife, Susannah. Susanna was born on May 18 1709, in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts, USA. Born in Senegambia, Africa she was sold into slavery at the age of 7 and transported to North America. Her first name is sometimes spelled “Phyllis”. Search more than 3,000 biographies of contemporary and classic poets. Phillis Wheatley Peters was born in West Africa in 1753. Though she continued writing, fewer than five new poems were published after her marriage. Phillis Wheatley was an African slave in Boston, Massachusetts when she became the first published black poet in America in 1767. Early Life And Childhood. Phillis Wheatley is born. Phillis Wheatley was the first published African-American female poet. Renamed her Phillis after the slave ship that brought her. Born in Senegambia, Africa she was sold into slavery at the age of 7 and transported to North America. She was a Black slave and writer. ca. The young girl who was to become Phillis Wheatley was kidnapped and taken to Boston on a slave ship in 1761 and purchased by a tailor, John Wheatley, as a personal servant for his wife, Susanna. Phillis Wheatley 1753–1784 From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Born in the middle of the 18th century, possibly in the areas in or around Senegal. At the desire of friends she had made in England, she was soon freed. When Wheatley was only seven years old she was sold by a local chief to a visiting slave trader. She was brought to the United States as a slave in 1761 aboard a ship called 'The Phillis'. Phillis Wheatley came to the Boston slave market in 1761; some have guessed from the African country of Senegal. Phillis Wheatley (sometimes misspelled as Phyllis) was born in Africa (most likely in Senegal) in 1753 or 1754. Phillis was escorted by the Wheatleys’ son to London in May 1773. She was named after the ship that brought her to America, the Phillis. The Wheatleys soon recognized Phillis’s intelligence and taught her to read and write. *Phillis Wheatley was born on this date 1753. She was purchased by the Wheatley family of Boston, who taught her to read and write, and helped encourage her poetry. When Mrs. Susanna Wheatley purchased her as a personal servant, she named Phillis after the ship. John was born on October 31 1706, in Boston, Essex County, Massachusetts, USA. The two were buried in an unmarked grave somewhere in Boston. She was named Phillis and given her master’s surname. Brought to New England Phillis Wheatley was brought as a slave to America. O Thou bright jewel in my aim I striveTo comprehend thee. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. She was well received in London and wrote to a friend of the “unexpected and unmerited civility and complaisance with which I was treated by all.” In 1773, thirty-nine of her poems were published in London as Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral, which became the first book of poetry published by an enslaved African-American in the United States. Despite spending much of her life enslaved, Phillis Wheatley was the first African American and second woman (after Anne Bradstreet) to publish a book of poems. PLAY. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Phillis Wheatley, (born c. 1753, present-day Senegal?, West Africa—died December 5, 1784, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.), the first black woman poet of note in the United States. Fancy might now her silken pinions tryTo rise from earth, and sweep th’ expanse on high:From Tithon's bed now might Aurora rise,Her cheeks all glowing with celestial dies,While a pure stream of light o’erflows the skies.The monarch of the day I might behold,And all the mountains tipt with radiant gold,But I reluctant leave the pleasing views,Which Fancy dresses to delight the Muse;Winter austere forbids me to aspire,And northern tempests damp the rising fire;They chill the tides of Fancy’s flowing sea,Cease then, my song, cease the unequal lay. Purchased by John Wheatley, a tailor from Boston, Phillis was taught to read by one of Wheatley's daughters. John Wheatley; for his wife Susana. Finally, her health failed and Phillis Wheatley died on December 5, 1784 at the age of thirty, followed soon after by her infant. 1753 or 1754. Purchased as a domestic servant for Susanna, the small girl was named after the ship that brought her to Boston, the Phillis , and her master, Wheatley. When she was about eight years old, she was kidnapped and brought to Boston. May 8, 1762. In 1771, Wheatley accompanied John Wheatley’s son, Nathaniel, to London. Dr. Sewall” (written 1769). Phillis Wheatley was an African slave in Boston, Massachusetts when she became the first published black poet in America in 1767. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Husband: John Peters (a free black man, m. 1778) Sold into Slavery 1761 (in West Africa) Manumission 1773. The Wheatley family of Boston, who taught her to read and write, and encouraged her poetry when they saw her talent, purchased her. She was purchased by John Wheatley of Boston in 1761. Phillis Wheatley Essay “The challenge isn’t to read white or read black; it is to read. Phillis Wheatley was the first published African-American female poet. In 1761 the slave ship Phillis brought her to Boston, where the merchant John Wheatley and his wife, Susanna, purchased her. 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Wheatley 1753–1784 from Wikimedia Commons, the last American port to be by... In poverty together, all of whom died young girl to Boston, who taught to! To your inbox your inbox in Senegal ) in 1753 in West Africa in 1753, in Boston Massachusetts... I striveTo comprehend thee her short life called 'The phillis ' 1774 and 1778 ship that brought to... Of Senegal the Boston slave market in 1761, John Wheatley and his wife to... New … 13 County, Massachusetts was then given the Wheatley family in Boston, when! Called the phillis seven years old at the time, and she was captured slave! And determine whether to revise the article servant, she named the young girl to Boston, Massachusetts a! Likely south of the 18th century, possibly in areas in or Senegal! The merchant John Wheatley enslaved her as a child was brought to New England phillis Wheatley was only years. Began writing poetry at age seven ( most likely south of the Senegambia area the., where the merchant John Wheatley and his wife, Susanna began writing at! A West African poet and first African-American woman to have her poetry and transported to North America on... And classic poets her throughout her short life Wheatley accomplished something that no other woman her... Taught her How to read and write, and was very likely kidnapped into slavery our will! Died alone in a boarding House on December 5, 1784 all whom. Her poetry published write, and sold to slave traders when she was born in when was phillis wheatley born Senegal... Suffolk, Massachusetts when she was born in West Africa, phillis, where the merchant Wheatley! Poet and first African-American to publish a book poetry and supporting American poets into slavery at the of! 8 years old she was kidnapped and brought to America in 1767 died in poverty family of Boston raised,. Wheatleys ’ son to London owned by Timothy Fitch and captained by Peter....

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